Mysticism ( Sufism ) or Sufism ( Arabic : تصوف , ) is the science of knowing how to purify the soul , menjernihan morality , build dhahir and inner as well as to memporoleh eternal happiness . Sufism was originally an ascetic movement (away from worldly things ) in Islam , and in its development gave birth to the tradition of Islamic mysticism . Tarekat ( various streams in Sufi ) is often associated with the Shia , the Sunni , the other branches of Islam , or a combination of several traditions [ citation needed ] . Sufi thought emerged in the Middle East in the 8th century , now this tradition has spread to all parts of the world . Sufism is a concept in Islam , which is defined by experts as part of the inner , mystical dimension of Islam ; others argue that Sufism is the perennial philosophy that existed before the arrival of religion , expression that grows with Islam.
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