Materi Biologi
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Biologi adalah ilmu alam yang mempelajari kehidupan, dan organisme hidup, termasuk struktur, fungsi, pertumbuhan, evolusi, persebaran, dan taksonominya. Ilmu biologi modern sangat luas, dan eklektik, serta terdiri dari berbagai macam cabang, dan subdisiplin. Namun, meskipun lingkupnya luas, terdapat beberapa konsep umum yang mengatur semua penelitian, sehingga menyatukannya dalam satu bidang. Biologi umumnya mengakui sel sebagai satuan dasar kehidupan, gen sebagai satuan dasar pewarisan, dan evolusi sebagai mekanisme yang mendorong terciptanya spesies baru. Selain itu, organisme diyakini bertahan dengan mengonsumsi, dan mengubah energi serta dengan meregulasi keadaan dalamnya agar tetap stabil, dan vital.

Subdisiplin biologi didefinisikan berdasarkan skala organisme yang dipelajari, jenis organisme yang dipelajari, dan metode yang digunakan untuk mempelajarinya antara lain:

Biokimia mempelajari kimia kehidupan.
Biologi molekuler terkait dengan interaksi antar molekul biologis.
Botani mempelajari biologi tumbuhan
Biologi seluler meneliti satuan dasar semua kehidupan, yaitu sel
Fisiologi mempelajari fungsi fisik, dan kimia jaringan organ, dan sistem organ suatu organisme
Biologi evolusioner meneliti proses yang menghasilkan keanekaragaman hayati; dan ekologi mempelajari interaksi antara organisme dengan lingkungannya.

Biology is the science that studies the life and living organisms, including structure, function, growth, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. Modern biological science is very broad and eclectic, and consists of various branches and sub-disciplines. However, despite the wide scope, there are some general concepts governing all research, so all together in one area. Biologists generally recognize the cells as basic units of life, genes as the basic unit of inheritance, and evolution as a mechanism to encourage the creation of new species. In addition, the organism believed to have survived by eating, and convert the energy as well as to regulate it in order to remain stable state, and vital.

Sub-discipline of biology is defined based on the scale of organisms are studied, the type of organism being studied, and the methods used to study, among others:

    Biochemistry study the chemistry of life.
    Molecular biology associated with interactions between biological molecules.
    Botanical study the biology of plants
    Cellular biology examines the basic unit of all life, the cell
    Physiology study the function of the physical, chemical and organ tissue, and organ systems of an organism
    Evolutionary biology examines the process that generates biodiversity; and ecology study the interaction between organisms and their environment.

Content rating: Everyone

Requires OS: 2.3 and up

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