红楼梦
Gabriel Gao
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《红楼梦》写于曹雪芹凄凉困苦的晚年,原名《石头记》,基本定稿80回,曾以手抄本流传。1791年,程伟元、高鹗第一次以活字版印刷出版,全书120回,书名改为《红楼梦》。小说写贾宝玉、林黛玉、薛宝钗之间的爱情婚姻悲剧,从中表现了贾、王、史、薛四大家族的兴衰,揭示了封建社会末期渐趋崩溃的社会真实内幕,反映了那个时代对个性解放和人权平等的要求以及初步的民主主义精神。《红楼梦》运用现实主义创作手法,自然、逼真地叙述和描写了丰富的现实社会生活,塑造了一大批典型人物。作者善于在日常生活矛盾中根据人物身分地位刻画人物,又善于以艺术氛围烘托人物内心情绪。他笔下的人物,如多情而又富有叛逆精神的贾宝玉,孤芳自赏、多愁善感的林黛玉,贤淑善良又巧于迎合的薛宝钗,泼辣、狠毒的王熙凤,逆来顺受的尤二姐,刚烈不屈的尤三姐等无一不是栩栩如生。在事件和人物的刻画上,作者采用对比的方法,将美与丑、虚与实、统治与被统治的描写相互补充,创造出一个含蓄深沉、博大精深的艺术世界。《红楼梦》语言简洁纯净,准确传神而多彩,达到炉火纯青的境界。书中诗词歌赋的运用,对人物塑造、情节展开起了很好的作用。

Wrote "A Dream of Red Mansions" in the twilight years of Cao Xueqin bleak hardship, formerly known as "Stones", basically finalized 80 back, once manuscripts spread. 1791, Cheng Wei-yuan, Gao E first published Huozi Ban printed book of 120 back title changed to "A Dream of Red Mansions". Novel written love between Jia Baoyu and Lin Daiyu, Xue marriage tragedy, from performance Jia, Wang, Shi, Xue Legend of the rise and fall, revealing the gradual collapse of the late feudal society social real insider reflects that era of individuality requirements of liberation and equality of human rights as well as the initial democratic ethos. "A Dream of Red Mansions" the use of realistic writing style, natural, realistic narrative and realistic description of the rich social life, shaping a large number of typical characters. Of good characterization contradictions of daily life, according to the figures identity status, and at the characters' inner emotions heighten the artistic atmosphere. His characters, such as the passionate and full of rebellious spirit Jia Baoyu, narcissistic, sentimental Lin Daiyu, graciousness and kindness and clever than cater to the chai, pungent, vicious Wang Xifeng, submissive Erjie, staunch and unyielding Third Sister, etc. both are lifelike. The depiction of the events and characters of contrast and complement each other, and the beauty and ugliness, virtual and real, domination and rule description, creating a subtle and deep, profound art world. The language of "A Dream of Red Mansions" is simple and pure, accurate and vivid and colorful, to consummate realm. Book of poetry and the use of the characterization, the novel with very good effects.

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