Qur'an in English
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The Qur’an, (Koran) meaning recitation, is the sacred book of Islam. According to Muslim tradition,
it was revealed by God to the Prophet Muhammad in separate revelations over the major portion of
his life at Mecca and at Medina. The Qur'an was probably compiled as a single volume under the
third caliph, Uthman, who appointed a committee (651-52). The internal organization of the Qur'an
is somewhat ad hoc. Revelations consisted of verses (ayat) grouped into 114 chapters (surah,
plural - suwar). The arrangement of the chapters is mechanical: the first, al-Fateha or "the
Opening, is a short prayer exalting God that has become an essential part of all Islamic liturgy
and prayer. The rest are graded generally by length, from longest to shortest. It is impossible to
know chronological order of the chapters from their order in the Quran. Some of the suwar begin
with letters of the Arabic alphabet, as though meant to be numbered, others do not. Some suwar of
the Qur'an refer or allude to religious and historical events but seldom provide comprehensive
accounts. God in the Qur'an speaks in the first person. Being the verbatim Word of God, the text of
the Qur'an is valid for religious purposes only in its original Arabic, cannot be modified, and is
not translatable, although the necessity for non-Arabic interpretations is recognized.

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Requires OS: 2.1 and up

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