Dental Reference
One-Heart
8.9 Varies with device
A bridge is a fixed dental restoration (a fixed dental prosthesis) used to replace a missing tooth (or several teeth) by joining an artificial tooth permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants.

Types of bridges may vary, depending upon how they are fabricated and the way they anchor to the adjacent teeth. Conventionally, bridges are made using the indirect method of restoration. However, bridges can be fabricated directly in the mouth using such materials as composite resin.

A bridge is fabricated by reducing the teeth on either side of the missing tooth or teeth by a preparation pattern determined by the location of the teeth and by the material from which the bridge is fabricated. In other words, the abutment teeth are reduced in size to accommodate the material to be used to restore the size and shape of the original teeth in a correct alignment and contact with the opposing teeth. The dimensions of the bridge are defined by Ante's Law: "The root surface area of the abutment teeth has to equal or surpass that of the teeth being replaced with pontics".

The materials used for the bridges include gold, porcelain fused to metal, or in the correct situation porcelain alone. The amount and type of reduction done to the abutment teeth varies slightly with the different materials used. The recipient of such a bridge must be careful to clean well under this prosthesis.

When restoring an edentulous space with a fixed partial denture that will crown the teeth adjacent to the space and bridge the gap with a pontic, or "dummy tooth", the restoration is referred to as a bridge. Besides all of the preceding information that concerns single-unit crowns, bridges possess a few additional considerations when it comes to case selection and treatment planning, tooth preparation and restoration fabrication.

Prosthodontics
Information about tooth loss, bridges, restoration, crowns, dentures, sore mouth, tooth erosion, bite collapse, TMJ and more.
Implants
Information about implant procedures, natural tooth vs. implants, restoring fractured tooth, implant site defect, milled bar overdenture, overdenture on 2 implants, facial effects of tooth loss, ridge collapse and more.
Periodontics
Information about stages of periodontal disease, gingivitis, decay examples, tissue graft, frenectomy, crown lengthening, endo-perio lesion, scaling and root planing, furcation involvement and more.
Preventive
Information about oral hygiene, dental appointments, decay, sealants, nightguard and more.
Endodontics
Information about procedures, abscesses, cracks, discoloration, endodontic surgery and more.
Oral Surgery
Information about wisdom teeth, allograft, sinus elevation, facial surgery for correction and more.
Orthodontics
Information about esthetic benefits, malocclusions, manibular asymmetry, cross bites, treatments, manillary expansion, root extrusion, adult orthodontics and more.
Esthetics
Information about smile design principles, bleaching, veneers, crowns, porcelain inlays, failing restoration, post & core and more.

Content rating: Everyone

Requires OS: 4.0 and up

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