Budidaya Ikan Lele
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1.0 Varies with device
Ikan lele (Clarias sp) merupakan salah satu jenis ikan konsumsi air tawar. Ikan lele termasuk ikan jenis catfish atau kata lain ikan yang memiliki kumis. Ciri dari ikan lele yaitu bentuk tubuh memanjang dan agak bulat, pada sirip dada terdapat duri yang keras dan runcing/tajam (patil), warna tubuh belang dengan kepala pipih dan terdapat kumis serta licin karena tidak memiliki sisik. Kemudin ikan ini memiliki alat pernafasan tambahan berupa dari modifikasi dari busur insangnya yaitu arborescent. Dibeberapa daerah ikan lele mempunyai banyak nama. Antara lain: ikan kalang (Padang), ikan maut (Aceh), ikan sibakut (Karo), ikan pintet (Banjarmasin), ikan keling (Makassar), ikan lele atau lindi (Semarang).
Habitat ikan lele adalah sungai dengan arus air yang tenang seperti danau, rawa, telaga dan waduk. Ikan lele memiliki sifat nokturnal, yaitu aktif dan bergerak mencari makanan pada malam hari sedangkan pada siang hari hanya berdiam diri dan berlindung di tempat gelap.

Klasifikasi Ikan Lele
Klasifikasi ikan lele menurut SNI (2000), yaitu:
Filum : Chordata
Kelas : Pisces
Subkelas : Teleostei
Ordo : Ostariophysi
Subordo : Siluroidae
Famili : Clariidae
Genus : Clarias
Spesies : Clarias sp

3. Perbedaan Ikan Lele Jantan dan Betina
Perbedaan antara ikan lele jantan dan betina, yaitu:
• Bentuk kepala jantan lebih kecil dari lele betina
• Warna kulit dada lele jantan lebih gelap bila dibandingkan lele betina
• Lele jantan pada alat kelamin (papilla) agak menonjol dan memanjang ke arah belakang sedangkan betina membulat
• Gerakan lele jantan lebih aktif dan lincah sedangkan lele betina tidak
• Tulang kepala pendek dan agak pipih pada lele jantan sedangkan lele betina panjang dan agak sembung
• Perut lele jantan lebih ramping dan kenyal sedangkan betina buncit atau gembung dan lembek
• Lele jantan tidak dapat distriping sedangkan betina dapat. Jika dstriping lele betina akan mengeluarkan telur.
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Catfish (Clarias sp) is one type of freshwater fish consumption. Catfish fish, including catfish, or in other words the type of fish that has a mustache. Characteristics of catfish that form elongated and roundish body, the pectoral fin spines are hard and pointy / sharp (shaft), body color stripes with a flat head and mustache and slippery because there are no scales. Kemudin these fish have additional breathing apparatus in the form of a modification of the arc gills are arborescent. In some areas of catfish have many names. Among other things: fish prop (Padang), fish death (Aceh), fish sibakut (Karo), fish pintet (Banjarmasin), wrasses (Makassar), catfish or leachate (Semarang).
Habitat catfish is the current of the river with calm waters such as lakes, marshes, ponds and reservoirs. Catfish have nocturnal nature, are active and moving in search of food at night while during the day just sit back and take refuge in a dark place.

        Classification Catfish
Classification catfish according to ISO (2000), namely:
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Pisces
Subclass: Teleostei
Order: Ostariophysi
Suborder: Siluroidae
Family: Clariidae
Genus: Clarias
Species: Clarias sp

3. Differences Catfish Male and Female
The difference between male and female catfish, namely:
• The shape of the male's head is smaller than the female catfish
• The color of the male catfish chest skin darker than the female catfish
• Catfish male genitals (papillae) rather prominent and extends toward the rear while the females rounded
• Movement of the male catfish are more active and agile while catfish females do not
• Bone short head and slightly flattened on catfish males while the female catfish long and rather sembung
• Stomach slimmer male catfish and chewy while the females distended or bloated and flabby
• catfish males can not be stripped and the female can. If dstriping female catfish will release an egg.
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Content rating: Everyone

Requires OS: 2.3 and up

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